There are number of disorders which range from hormonal disturbances to physical problems, psychological problems which cause male infertility. However there are many treatments option which are available but in many cases treatment does not work. There are many cases in which Male infertility is caused by testicular damage which result in an inability of the testicles to produce sperm. And once it is damaged, the testicle will not usually regain its sperm making capabilities and this aspect of male infertility is analogous to menopause for women and cannot be usually treated.
Causes of Male Infertility
Male infertility is caused due to many reasons like hormonal imbalances, physical problem and psychological or behavioral problems. Fertility reflects man’s overall health. Those men who live a healthy life style are more likely to produce healthy sperm. Some of the main causes of male infertility are:
- Smoking decreases both sperm count and sperm cell motility
- Chronic alcohol abuse
- Prolonged use of marijuana and some other recreational drugs
- Overly intense exercise which produces high levels of adrenal steroid hormones that cause a testosterone deficiency resulting in infertility
- Wearing tight underwear increases scrotal temperature which results in decreased sperm production
- Inadequate vitamin C and Zinc in the diet
- Malnutrition and anemia
- Exposure to environmental hazards with toxins like lead, paint, pesticides, radioactive, radiation
Small percentage of male infertility is caused by hormonal problem. The hypothalamus-pituitary endocrine system regulates the chain of hormonal events which enables testes to produce and effectively disseminate sperm.
Mentioned below are the lists of hormonal disorders which can disrupt male infertility:
Elevated prolactin– hormone associated with nursing mothers is found in 10 to 40 percent of infertile males. Mild elevation of prolactin level produces no symptoms but greater elevations of the hormone reduce sperm production, reduces libido and may cause impotence.
Low thyroid hormone levels can cause poor semen quality, poor testicular function and may disturb libido. This may be caused by a diet high in iodine, reducing iodine intake or beginning thyroid hormone replacement therapy can elevate sperm count.
Physical or behavioral problems
There are several sexual problems exists which can affect male infertility. These are the most often psychological and physical problem in nature. It is difficult to separate the physiological and physical components.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
This is also knows as impotence and this condition is common and affects 20 million American men. ED is the result of single or more commonly a combination of several men. However, most men who suffer from ED have a secondary psychological problem which can worsen the situation like performance anxiety, guilty, and low self esteem. Some of the common causes of impotence include high blood pressure, diabetes, stress, heart and vascular disease, pelvic surgery, venous leak and the side effects of frequently prescribed medications.
This is defined as an inability to control the ejaculatory response for at least thirty seconds following penetration. It become s a fertility problem when ejaculation occurs before a man is able to fully insert his penis into his partner’s vagina. This can be overcome by artificial insemination or by using a behavioral modification technique called the “squeeze technique” which desensitizes the penis.
This technique prevents men from ejaculating during sexual intercourse even though which can ejaculate normally through masturbation. This condition sometimes responds well to behavioral therapy, if this technique does not work, artificial insemination can be employed using an ejaculate from masturbation.